More telcos are making deals to run their VNFs on the public cloud. Not much is live yet. But cloud hosting of network functions will support telcos in realising the benefits of cloud-native, and we believe telcos can safely go further and faster.
VNF deployments on the hyperscale cloud are just beginning
Numerous collaboration agreements between hyperscalers and leading telcos, but few live VNF deployments to date
The past three years have seen many major telcos concluding collaboration agreements with the leading hyperscalers. These have involved one or more of five business models for the telco-hyperscaler relationship that we discussed in a previous report, and which are illustrated below:
Five business models for telco-hyperscaler partnerships
Source: STL Partners
In this report, we focus more narrowly on the deployment, delivery and operation by and to telcos of virtualised and cloud-native network functions (VNFs / CNFs) over the hyperscale public cloud. To date, there have been few instances of telcos delivering live, commercial services on the public network via VNFs hosted on the public cloud. STL Partners’ Telco Cloud Deployment Tracker contains eight examples of this, as illustrated below:
Major telcos deploying VNFs in the public cloud
Source: STL Partners
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Telcos are looking to generate returns from their telco cloud investments and maintain control over their ‘core business’
The telcos in the above table are all of comparable stature and ambition to the likes of AT&T and DISH in the realm of telco cloud but have a diametrically opposite stance when it comes to VNF deployment on public cloud. They have decided against large-scale public cloud deployments for a variety of reasons, including:
- They have invested a considerable amount of money, time and human resources on their private clouddeployments, and they want and need to utilise the asset and generate the RoI.
- Related to this, they have generated a large amount of intellectual property (IP) as a result of their DIY cloud– and VNF-development work. Clearly, they wish to realise the business benefits they sought to achieve through these efforts, such as cost and resource efficiencies, automation gains, enhanced flexibility and agility, and opportunities for both connectivityand edge compute service innovation. Apart from the opportunity cost of not realising these gains, it is demoralising for some CTO departments to contemplate surrendering the fruit of this effort in favour of a hyperscaler’s comparable cloud infrastructure, orchestration and management tools.
- In addition, telcos have an opportunity to monetise that IP by marketing it to other telcos. The Rakuten Communications Platform (RCP) marketed by Rakuten Symphony is an example of this: effectively, a telco providing a telco cloud platform on an NFaaS basis to third-party operators or enterprises – in competition to similar offerings that might be developed by hyperscalers. Accordingly, RCP will be hosted over private cloud facilities, not public cloud. But in theory, there is no reason why RCP could not in future be delivered over public cloud. In this case, Rakuten would be acting like any other vendor adapting its solutions to the hyperscale cloud.
- In theory also, telcos could also offer their private telcoclouds as a platform, or wholesale or on-demand service, for third parties to source and run their own network functions (i.e. these would be hosted on the wholesale provider’s facilities, in contrast to the RCP, which is hosted on the client telco’s facilities). This would be a logical fit for telcos such as BT or Deutsche Telekom, which still operate as their respective countries’ communications backbone provider and primary wholesale provider
BT and Deutsche Telekom have also been among the telcos that have been most visibly hostile to the idea of running NFs powering their own public, mass-market services on the public and hyperscale cloud. And for most operators, this is the main concern making them cautious about deploying VNFs on the public cloud, let alone sourcing them from the cloud on an NFaaS basis: that this would be making the ‘core’ telco business and asset – the network – dependent on the technology roadmaps, operational competence and business priorities of the hyperscalers.
Table of contents
- Executive Summary
- Introduction: VNF deployments on the hyperscale cloud are just beginning
- Numerous collaboration agreements between hyperscalers and leading telcos, but few live VNF deployments to date
- DISH and AT&T: AWS vs Azure; vendor-supported vs DIY; NaaCP vs net compute
- Other DIY or vendor-supported best-of-breed players are not hosting VNFs on public cloud
- Telcos are looking to generate returns from their telco cloud investments and maintain control over their ‘core business’
- The reluctance to deploy VNFs on the cloud reflects a persistent, legacy concept of the telco
- But NaaCP will drive more VNF deployments on public cloud, and opportunities for telcos
- Multiple models for NaaCP present prospects for greater integration of cloud-native networks and public cloud
- Conclusion: Convergence of network and cloud is inevitable – but not telcos’ defeat
- The Telco Cloud Deployment Tracker
- Microsoft, Affirmed and Metaswitch: What does it mean for telecoms?