WRC-23: Readout and implications for telcos

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World Radiocommunication Conference 2023 gave telcos some but not all of what they wanted: progress on 5G and 6G spectrum; but more spectrum will need to be shared in future.


Format: PDF filePages: 37 pagesAuthor: Dean BubleyPublication Date: March 2024

Table of Contents

  • Executive summary
    • Recommendations for key stakeholders
    • Next steps
  • Introduction
    • What is the ITU and why does it matter?
    • The WRC process
    • How is this relevant to telcos and CSPs?
    • Spectrum: A multi-stakeholder landscape
  • Summary of key WRC-23 outcomes
    • Overview
    • ITU-R Radiocommunication Assembly
    • Fit with geopolitics and regional regulation
  • Spectrum sharing: The big picture
    • Spectrum for 5G and 6G/IMT
    • IMT (International Mobile Telecommunications)
    • Overview of outcomes
    • 3-5GHz
    • UHF and broadcast
    • 6G
  • 6GHz: The most vitriolic WRC debate
    • Background: Growing demand and the radical US approach
    • Why WRC-23 mattered for 6GHz
    • Summary: What to expect
  • Satellite constellations
    • LEOs vs. GEOs
  • The agenda for WRC-27 and WRC-31
  • Conclusion
  • Index

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1: The ITU’s top-level structure
  • Figure 2: The ITU’s three global regions
  • Figure 3: Radiocommunication services and abbreviations in ITU Radio Regulations and common use
  • Figure 4: Key items from the WRC-23 agenda
  • Figure 5: A given spectrum band may be shared by multiple appropriate uses
  • Figure 6: Availability of 6GHz band for Wi-Fi, February 2024
  • Figure 7: Selected agenda items for WRC-27
  • Figure 8: Initial agenda items for WRC-31


Technologies and industry terms referenced include: 5G, 5G Spectrum, 5GHz, 6G, 6GHz, AFC, GEO, GSMA, HAPS, IMT, ISM, ITU, LEO, MNOs, PMSE, spectrum, UN, Wi-Fi, World Radiocommunication Conference, WRC, WRC-19, WRC-23, WRC-27